Majuli the natural & cultural hub of Assam is a most sought after tourist destinations in India. It is honoured as a one of the largest river island in the world. With river Subansiri on the north bank and river Brahmaputra covering most of the areas, Majuli attracts plenty of birds both local & migratory. Total area of the island is about 421 sq.km. lying in the lap of the majestic Brahmaputra, but it is steadily decreasing due to strong erosion of the river Brahmaputra.
The island is mostly rural and has over 159 villages with a rich mix of different tribes and communities. Majuli is a meeting point of different plain tribes possessing colourful and resourceful identities. The main tribes residing in Majuli are the Misings, Deoris and Sonowal Kacharis. There are islands within islands in Majuli and the landmass keeps changing its shape after every summer.
Majuli is also considered as the cultural capital and the cradle of Assamese civilisation for the past five hundred years, the Satras set up preserve antiques weapons, utensils, jewellery and other items of cultural significance. The magical landscape of Majuli is well known and acclaimed for its rich in art and culture. It is the home of the world-famous mask-craft in India, but the art is at present dying due to a lack of artists, and interest and proper preservation. There are several Satras in Majuli of which the Satras of Kamalabari, Auniati & Garmur are worth mentioning. These Satras are propagating the religious ideology of great Assamese.
Others among the main attractions are the colorful culture of the tribes , Migratory birds, The Ali-Ai-Ligang festival in Feb-March, Pottery making ,Mask making, Paal Naam festival in the end of winter, the sunset in winter etc. Majuli unfolds a variety of interesting traditional handicrafts, pottery, ethnic culture and dance forms, water sports, village life of a real tribal type and lots more.
Rasotsava, a prime festival of Assam, is celebrated with great enthusiasm and passion here which is the depiction of Lord Krishna's life through dancing and playing.
October to April is the best period to visit Majuli. During these months, the internal road communication of Majuli is at its best.
Nearest airport is Jorhat Airport. which is accessible from Kolkata and Delhi by flights.
Farkating is the nearest rail station. Various trains are available to Farkating station from Guwhati and Dibrugarh.
Major railhead is Dibrugarh (164kms), which is well connected with major cities of India by Rajdhani and Satabdi express.
Jorhat is the only neighbouring town from where Ferry Service is available from to Majuli. Nimatighat is the nearest port situated in Jorhat district, it take 1.30 hrs to reach majuli from Nimatighat. Ferry service is avaible between 9 am to 3pm. Jorhat is connected to the all major cities of Assam. Buses and Traveller are available from Guwahati and Dibrugarh.
Situated at a distance of 185 km from Majuli, kaziranga National Park is one of the most famous wildlife destinations in India. kaziranga National park is the natural habitat of the one-horned rhinoceros. This vivid mosaic of habitats wet and dry, plain and hills, forests and grasslands supports numerous plant and animal species. During winter various types migratory birds are also seen here.
Sibsagar a beautiful town, surrounded by tea gardens is located at a distance of 85km from Majuli. which was the capital of the Ahom kingdom which reigned supremacy for six hundred years before the advent of the British. The most remarkable landscape of the town is the 200 year old Sibsagar tank. On its banks are three temples nameed as the Shivadol, the Vishnudol and the Devidol built by Queen Madambika, in the year 1734.
Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary, formerly known as the Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary is located at a distance of 64km from Majuli, situated at the foothills of the Patkai mountain range. It houses India's only ape family Hollock Gibbn and 7 different apes species such as the rare stump tailed macaque, pig tailed macaque and assamese macaque, bengal slow loris as well as capped langurs and a variety of birds and animals. This is a treasure chest for wildlife lovers situated conveniently near Jorhat city.