The Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary, which is also known as the Jeypore Rainforest is a part of Dehing-Patkai Elephant Reserve and located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts of Assam, bordering the Arunachal Pradesh. Dehing Patkai is a deciduous rainforest interspersed with semi-evergreen and lush green flora, proud to be the only patch of virgin rainforest in Assam. It is a tropical Wet Evergreen Forests covering a total 800 sq. Km area of three combined rainforests namely Joypure, Upper Dehing and Dirak. Dehing is the name of the river that flows through this forest and Patkai is the hill at the foot of which the sanctuary lies. The Dehing-Patkai was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 2004.
The forest checklist has over 40 species of mammals and nearly 38 family groups of western hoolock gibbon. Dehing-Patkai sanctuary is a haven for the wildcats. Wild cat species found here include Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Leopard Cat, Golden Cat, Jungle Cat and Marbled Cat. It is the only forest in the world which has seven different species of wild cat.
Apart from these the forest also houses primates. Out of fifteen species of non-human primates found in India, seven inhabit in this rainforest. These include Rhesus macaque, Assamese macaque, Slow loris, Capped langur, Pigtailed macaque, Stumptailed macaque and Hoolock gibbon. It is home to several other mammals like Chinese pangolin, Flying fox, Slow loris, Stump-tailed macaque, Assamese macaque, Rhesus macaque, Capped langur, Hoolock gibbon, Himalayan black bear, Hog badger, Jungle cat, Fishing cat, Clouded leopard, Wild pig, Sambar, Barking deer, Gaur, Serow, Malayan giant squirrels, Porcupine, Pig-tailed macaque etc.
If you love bird watching, then Dehing Patkai Sanctuary is a virtual heaven for you. It provides shelter to different species of birds as well as various species of butterflies like Lesser Adjutant Stork, White Winged Wood Duck, White-backed Vulture, Slender-billed Vulture, White cheeked Hill Partridge, Khaleej Pheasant, Gray Peacock-Pheasant, Rufus necked Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Great Pied Hornbill, Beautiful Nuthatch, Black-browed Leaf Wabler, Green Imperial Pigeon, Purple wood or Pale capped Pigeon etc. The diverse fauna and the occurrence of the longest monsoon have made this part of North East India a heaven for 50% of the total butterfly species of India. The forest also houses reptiles like Rock python, King cobra, Asian leaf turtle, Monitor Lizard and others.
Dehing Patkai plays host for many exotic species of orchids such as ferms, epiphytes, wild banana, orchids, arums, climbers and linas. Some of the important tree species found in this forest area are Hollang, Mekai, Dhuna, Udiyam, Nahar, Samkothal, Bheer, Hollock, Elephant apple and different species of Dimoru etc.
The best time to visit Dehing-Patkai rainforest is the time of Dehing Patkai festival celebratration. Which held in the month of February. This festival attracts tourists from all over the world. It is not only a festival of wildlife and rainforests, it is also a celebration of tribal culture and adventure sports.
Famous for: Rare species of wild cats and different species of butterflies.
Type: Tropical evergreen forest.
Best Season: September to March.
Opening Hours: Dehing Patkai national park opens all day. Entry after sunset and before sunrise is not permitted and night stay is strictly prohibited inside the park.
Activities in Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary
The summer season in Assam starts from the month of May and extends till the end of June. The season is characterized by humidity and frequent showers. Maximum temperature during summer is 34 degree Celsius .
The main rainy months are June, July, August, September. Post monsoon season is the best time to visit Dehing Patkai.
The winter season start from November and last till February. In winter the lowest temperature is 4-10 degree Celsius. Winter is the best time to visit Dehing-Patkai rainforest.
The nearest airport is Dibrugarh Airport. Dehing Patkai Rain forest is located at a distance of 80 km from the airport. which is accessible from Kolkata and Delhi by flights.
The nearest railway station is Naharkatia situated 8 km from Dehing Patkai. From Dibrugarh Railway station it is 72kms and from Tinsukia railway station it is 65 km away.
Tinsukia is the nearest town which is 45km from Dehing Patkai. The sanctuary is close to Digboi, Duliajan and Margherita township.
Tourist attractions near Dehing Patkai rainforest are :
Situated at a distance of 46 km from Dehing Patkai, the beautiful historical town of Digboi is located. Digboi houses one of the oldest oil refineries in the world. It also has the distinction of establishing the first oil museum in India. Another chef d'oeuvre is the 18 hole Golf Course located in Digboi near Upper Dehing range. Digboi also harbour a world war-II Cemetery, which reminds us of the sad truth of the past.
Situated at a distance of 84 kms (approx) from Dehing Patkai, the beautiful town Margherita, formally known as Coal Queen of Assam is located. It is surrounded by splendorous Patkai range hills, and vast stretches of green tea gardens and forests on one side and the Burhi Dehing River flowing across it on the other side. The picturesque Margherita Golf Course is located at the foot of the Patkai hill. Treat yourself in watching the tea making process and a visit to its famous plywood factory can be a unique experience.
Situated at a distance of 160km from Tinsukia the picturesque pilgrimage Parshuram Kund is located. Situated in the Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh it is one of the prominent pilgrimage center for the Hindus where thousands of devotees flock together to take a dip in it, during Makar Sankranti(mid January).
Situated at a distance of 55 kms from Tinsukia, in the middle of the mighty Brahamputra River, the beautiful Rukmini Island is located. It is a paradise for bird watchers which plays host to thousands of indigenous and migratory birds. The best attractions are the long sandy beaches and sand banks for sun baths and parasailing.
Pangsau Pass in the Patkai ranges is about 130 Km. away from Tinsukia in the Indo-Myanmar border. The area is in Arunachal Pradesh and the journey to Pangsau Pass from Nampong through the abandoned stretch of Stilwell road with dense forest on one side and deep gorges on the other can offer a thrilling experience. A fortnightly market is also held at the border where people from both sides take active part. Interestingly, the age old barter system is still prevalent among the natives in this market.
Namdapha National Park
At a distance of 136 kms from Tinsukia, in eastern Arunachal Pradesh Namdapha national park is located. It is the largest protected area in the eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot and also the third largest national park in India. The park is the home to a great diversity of mammal species, four big cat species, the majestic gaur or mithun, elephant, Himalayan black bear, musk deer, slow loris, binturong and the red panda etc.
Tourist map of Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary