Known as the "Land of hill people", Mizoram became an independent state only during 1972. Until then, it was part of Assam. Today, the beautiful state is surrounded by the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar and by states like Tripura, Assam & Manipur all over. Mizo is the official language of the state, as it the local language spoken by the Mizo tribes of the state, the predominant community of the state. An interesting feature of about the state is that 91% of its area is covered by forests. Bamboo is cultivated on close to 44% of the state's lands.
Around 87% of the people in Mizoram are Christians, followed by around 9% Buddhists and around 3% Hindus. Festivals celebrated by locals are known as Kuts here. Some of the most common Kuts celebrated here are Chapchar Kut, heralding the arrival of the spring season, ThalfavungKut, celebrating the wedding of crops and Pawl Kut, announcing the end of harvest season. Mizos love to sing and dance merrily during functions. Guitar is one of the most loved and most played instruments here. Some of the tribal dances that are performed by men and women during festivals and weddings are Cheraw, Khullam, Chai & Chheihlam.
Lengpui airport is the nearest airport located at a distance of 32 km from Aizawl, the capital of Mizoram. This airport has good connectivity with all major cities in India.
Railway connectivity is not available in Mizoram. The nearest railhead is in Silchar(Assam), at a distance of 130 km from where one needs to travel by road.
Aizawl the capital of Mizoram, is well connected by road with Silchar through NH 54, Agartala through NH 40 and with Imphal through NH 150. One can hire taxis, city buses, private minibuses or cars to travel.
It is easy very easy to get around in Mizoram. Within the state, different types of transportation are available like bus, taxi services, cab services. All the cities and towns of Mizoram are well connected with the Mizoram State Transport Corporation and other bus services run by private operators.
Yellow Taxis and sumos are also available for travelling arround the city.
Food is one of the most attractive features in the state of Mizoram. There is a unique taste and flavour to the dishes cooked here. Mizos are predominantly non-vegetarian. Most of the vegetables are steamed and eaten along with fish and meat here. Duck meat is a delicacy that you have to try when you visit Mizoram. Fish is usually cooked in mustard oil, which lends an authentic taste to the cuisine here. The dishes that are the specialities of Mizoram are:
ArsaBahuchiar – Rice & chicken cooked with special herbs.
Bai – Boiled or steamed vegetables eaten along with bamboo shoots, pork and spinach.
Vawksa Rep – Smoked pork cooked with wonderful and aromatic herbs, green chillies and other greens.
Sanpiau – Rice porridge topped with lots of coriander, spring onions, fish sauce and pepper.
Misa Mach Pura – Shrimps cooked with flavours of lemon, onion, coriander leaves and peppercorns.
Lubrusca&Zu – Two of the most authentic drinks of Mizoram. While the former is a type of grape wine, the latter is a kind of tea.
Handcrafted items made by the local artisans make Mizoram a haven for lovers of these artefacts. The local women of Mizo wear a colourful skirt known as Paun. If these skirts catch your fancy, you can shop for them from the local markets at affordable prices. Also, don't forget to buy the classic Bamboo hats (trademark of Mizoram) when you go from this state. Apart from hats, you can buy a whole range of baskets, furniture, jewellery and vessels made from bamboo and cane by the local artisans of the state.
You can also shop for freshly woven handicraft and silk fabrics from almost all the malls and local markets in the state. If you want to get a taste of the local markets, visit the Burra Bazaar and Luangmuai Handicrafts Centre in the capital city of Aizwal. Some other places where you get to shop for excellent handicrafts at a great bargain are Ritz Market, Thakthing Bazaar, Burma Lane, Solomon Cave& Bazaar Bungkawn. Jackets, shawls, stoles, bags, jewellery and all kinds of hand-crafted items are found in plenty at these markets.