Inhabited by different tribes, Nagaland is a beautiful hill station. The place is rewarded with cool fresh air, huge mountains and lush green stretches of land. The early history of the state is associated with the Naga tribes.
Nagamese, Hindi and English are the languages spoken here. One must visit the City to experience the panorama of nature, the warmth and hospitality of people, lavish blossoms and coy rivers making their way through the rugged terrains. If you are the victim of hectic monotonous lifestyle and then a tour to Nagaland is for you.
Colourful life and culture are an integral part of the 16 officially recognized Naga tribes of Nagaland. These 16 tribes are different and unique in their customs and traditions. These customs and traditions are further translated into festivals which revolve around their agricultural cycle. Songs and dances form the soul of these festivals through which their oral history has been passed down the generations
The nearest airport of Nagaland is located in Dimapur, 74 km away from Kohima, the capital city of Nagaland. There are flights from Guwahati (Assam) and Kolkata (West Bengal) to Dimapur.
The nearest railhead is also located at Dimapur. Several trains are available from Guwahati to Dimapur. Guwahati, in turn, is very well connected to the rest of India. Dimapur is also connected by Rajdhani express from New Delhi.
Kohima is connected to Imphal in Manipur (123 km) and Guwahati in Assam (400 km) by road.
Two major highway that connects Nagaland is NH39 and NH 36. NH 39 connects Kohima, Imphal and Dimapur to the rest of the country and NH 36 connects Assam (Nagaon) with Dimapur.
Proposed Asian Highway (AH-1), which is a part of the India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway also passes through Dimapur, Which connects Guwahati to Imphal and Moreh.
It is easy very easy to get around in Nagaland. Within the state, different types of transportation are available like bus, taxi services, cab services. All the cities and towns of Nagaland are well connected with the Nagaland State Transport Corporation and other bus services run by private operators.
Taxis and sumos are also available for travelling around the city.
One phrase that describes Nagaland cuisine is "strange, spicy but delicious". Food in Nagaland is quite unlike what we eat in other places in the country. Meat and vegetables are consumed by Naga tribes every day. Dog meat and pork are considered special delicacies here. Since there are quite a few tribes here, we get to taste dishes prepared in different styles. Another major highlight of Nagaland is the unique and aromatic quality of ginger available here. This lends a nice aroma to the dishes and you just cannot help but drool when food is cooked with these ginger leaves here. Some must-haves in Nagaland are:
Bamboo shoot – Soft shoot of bamboo is fermented nicely and cooked with pork/fish or vegetables.
Anishi – Fermented Taro leaves are made into delicious patties and are just smoked above the fire from the stove.
Akhuni – Fermented soya bean curry, eaten along with smoked and dried pork dish.
KoatPistha – An awesome dessert that combines the excellent tastes of rice, jaggery and bananas.
Most of the dishes are fermented and the smoked over the fire. This gives a nice flavour to the cuisine of Nagaland and prevents quick decay as well.
With world-class artefacts that are exported to many international destinations, Nagaland is a haven for handicraft lovers. The shops are filled with art and crafts that showcase the stupendous talent of the local Naga artisans. Interesting things to shop for in the state are beautiful baskets and storage containers made from cane/bamboo, woollen shawls, bamboo mats, souvenirs that contain intricate wood carvings, simple and decorative pots, metal jewellery and a host of other handicraft items. Central Market and the Diezephe Craft Village are some excellent spots for shopping in Nagaland. The talent of these artisans are highly commendable as you can see from the brilliant masterpieces that are on for sale at these stores.
Naga men and womenfolk are actively involved in the handicraft industry. Pottery and woodwork are some of the main sources of income in the state. Many foreign tourists shop for innumerable souvenirs from Nagaland as the prices are attractive and the quality of items is top-notch.